The bottom of the cage shall be at a level not less than 7 feet (2.1 m) nor more than 8 feet (2.4 m) above the point of access to the bottom of the ladder. The bottom of the cage shall be flared not less than 4 inches (10 cm) all around within the distance between the . secure the top of the ladder to a rigid support that will not deflect, and add a grasping device to allow workers safe access. • Set the ladder at the proper angle. When a ladder is leaned against a wall, the bottom of the ladder should be one-quarter of the ladder’s working length away from the wall.
OSHA recently updated its walking and working surfaces standard in part to help address ladder safety. The American Ladder Institute estimates that about 500,000 ladder accidents occur annually in this country, resulting in almost 300 fatalities and $11 billion in injury costs. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration says 20 percent of all fatal and lost workday injuries in general industry are due to falls from ladders. Tying off at the top keeps the ladder from slipping sideways, but remember to secure the bottom, especially if the ladder will be in place for more than a day. Inspecting ladders. Consider that ladders are not always cared for and can get pretty beat up from constant use. All ladders need to be inspected before they are used.
Step 1. Lay the ladder on the ground with the base resting against the bottom of the wall and the top pointing away from the wall. Step 2. Starting at the top of the ladder, lift the end over your head and walk under the ladder to the wall, moving your hands from rung to rung as you go. Step 3. Jul 20, 2011 · Secure the ladder: An extension ladder should be tied off at the top, middle and bottom to prevent ladder movement or slipping. The structure that you tie the ladder to must be capable of supporting the ladder. A second person should act as a spotter and hold the ladder at the bottom. Tie off at the bottom of the overlap section to prevent slippage.
1. Preventing the bottom feet of the ladder from kicking out. Take the time to always use a ladder with non-slip feet. additionally nail a cleat to the floor or anchor the ladder feet to a stake or bush with a strap or rope. Securing the base of a ladder to prevent accidental movement is easy to do in most cases and can prevent serious injury. Ladders placed in areas such as passageways, doorways, or driveways, or where they can be displaced by workplace activities or traffic must be secured to prevent accidental movement or a barricade must be used to keep traffic or activities away from the ladder. The area around the top and bottom of the ladders must be kept clear.
Mobile Ladder Stands and Mobile Ladder Stand Platforms. OSHA defines a mobile ladder stand as a mobile, fixed-height, self-supporting ladder that usually consists of wheels or casters on a rigid base and steps leading to a top step (29 CFR 1910.21). A mobile ladder stand may also have handrails and is designed for use by one employee at a time.